Naomi Fowler ■ Inequality and the broken economy demonstrated in one graph
UPDATE (please see below for a UK graph)
If you ever believed that the inequality levels we’re seeing today in most so-called developed economies are inevitable, not so very remarkable, and not as extreme as some might have us believe, economists Thomas Piketty, Emmanuel Saez and Gabriel Zucman have produced a graph that demonstrates the problem, well, rather graphically in the New York Times.
It doesn’t take a genius to see that something has gone very badly wrong. In the language that those at the top of the tree in a country like the United States so often like to use, there are winners, and there are losers here. And the losers in fact, are pretty much all of us. The winners? A tiny, tiny proportion of the population.
And this was by no means inevitable. It was a result of policy decisions based on either a willful misunderstanding of economics, or perhaps politicians from the 1980s onwards really don’t understand what happens to economies when you systematically implement measures that use rising productivity to distribute wealth and economic gains upwards and strip back the income increases that, until that point, ordinary families were getting.
As the article says,
“The basic problem is that most families used to receive something approaching their fair share of economic growth, and they don’t anymore.”
And quite rightly, it points out,
“Different policies could produce a different outcome. My list would start with a tax code that does less to favor the affluent, a better-functioning education system, more bargaining power for workers and less tolerance for corporate consolidation.”
At the core of the “supply side” revolution that Margaret Thatcher and Ronald Reagan pushed through in the 1980s was a simple idea propagated by Arthur Laffer: cut taxes on rich people and powerful companies and they will boost economic growth to the point that tax revenues will actually rise. Like many simple and beguiling ideas, this was simply wrong. It never happened. But politicians the world over were seduced by this lazy thinking, and the lobbyists of the rich had a field day.
Not only have the tiny proportion of super-rich gained disproportionately, but they’re also the group of people least likely to be paying their fair share of taxes. So, us ‘losers’ are getting hit twice.
Now, wouldn’t it be interesting to see how the UK experience compares? We suspect it would be even more stark than in the US case.
The UK economy in one chart 1) 80s boom for top half 2) before & after 80s 2% shared income growth was the norm 3) post-2008 = a disaster pic.twitter.com/SUGQMVtrB5
— Torsten Bell (@TorstenBell) August 8, 2017
Here’s that graph made larger:
A tide-turning moment in the global struggle for tax justice
Call for papers: Human rights and the 4 “Rs” of tax justice – Tax Justice Network annual conference
How to fight inequality: a chat with Ben Phillips
Online Conference: How to Pay for the Climate Transition
Women need real social protection that goes beyond the aspirational
New book provides practical solutions to make tax work to reduce poverty
$427bn lost to tax havens every year: landmark study reveals countries’ losses and worst offenders
The State of Tax Justice 2020
20 November 2020